The ambition of Indian freedom fighter Gopalakrisha Gokhale was the Jinnah to be the ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity. But his ambition wilted before the challenge of events and ironically, Jinnah became the ambassador of Hindu-Muslim strife ending in mutual slaughter.
Jinnah never tolerate even the suggestion that Muslim and Hindu belonged to one country. Jinnah said, we are the nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art, and architecture, names and nomenclature and legal laws and moral codes, customs and history. We are different and we cannot be together only in the ballot box.
Gandhi commented, whether the two nation theory of Jinnah will become one if the whole of India accepted Islam? Jinnah had no answer of Gandhi’s question.
Jinnah was confusing nationality with religion. If every religion were to constitute a nation, the world would be broken up into fragments.
Significantly, the pathological emphasis on religion in justification of separate homeland for Muslims was not supported by religious leaders of Islam in India. Maulana Maududi, head of the Jamait-e-Islam explained, why we should foolishly waste our time in expediting the so called Muslim national state, when we know that it will not only be useful for our purposes, but will prove an obstacle in our path.
Once Jinnah was asked, what he proposed to do for the areas where Muslims were in a minority. He replied, they must accept the citizenship in the state in which they are. They can remain there as foreigners or they can come to Pakistan. Once he told, he never tolerate even the suggestion that Muslim and Hindu belonged to one country. Thus he swung from one extreme to other.
In regard to Sikhs demand, he proceeded to make a distinction between nation and sub-national groups, advising the latter to be content with, what could be expected from a civilized Government.
The division conflicted in Jinnah’s thought was reflected in princely states. On 25th July 1944 he assured the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir, it was not the policy of the Muslim League to interfere in the administration of the state or to raise grave issues between the Maharaja’s Government and people.
But the words told by Jinnah were not kept by his successors, and Pakistan extremists activities are still going on daily in Jammu and Kashmir. Even to-day the dream of Gandhi for Hindu-Muslim unity never fulfilled.